Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. Located in the Indian Ocean, opposite Mozambique, it is home to 5% of the world's animal and plant species. Among the endemic species of Madagascar are lemurs, 250 types of frogs, chameleons and baobabs. Its different ecosystems make it a miniature continent, with a unique biodiversity in the world, where 18 different ethnicities coexist. Its population has mixed Asian and African origins, with Arab, Indian and European elements. The distinctly Asian somatic and cultural traits of some minorities living in the highlands suggest that the island was colonized by people from Malaysia between 2000 and 1500 years ago. This variety of landscapes and cultures, transforms Madagascar into a land full of interesting atmospheres present especially in the markets of its rural villages. Rainforests, natural curiosities such as the "Tsingy" , formations derived from the fossilization of shells, and historical testimonies, such as the royal hill of Ambohimanga, are Unesco World Heritage Sites that make Madagascar an original destination of sustainable tourism.